Discuss validity and reliability of diagnosis ib psychology
02/12/2023 21:46 -
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. the same diagnosis for the same symptoms presented by the same patient should be made, regardless of who is in charge of the diagnosis; Classification systems such as the DSM-5 and the ICD 11 aim to standardise diagnostic criteria so as to ensure built-in reliability. Noor Mohsin, IB1A, Psychology HL. Discussvalidityand reliabilityof diagnosis. Discussvalidityand reliabilityof diagnosis. The extent to which different professionals will arrive at the same diagnosis given the same set of of symptoms. . This is an example of clinical (and confirmation) bias. . Paragraph 1 (Introduction): Classification system is said to be reliable when it is possible for 4 different clinicians, using the same system, to arrive at same diagnosis for same individual Examples: DSM-4, CCMD, ICD-10 Though diagnosis systems use more standardized assessment techniques and more specific diagnostic criteria than in the. Clinical bias can affect the validityand reliabilityof diagnosis. Discussvalidityand reliabilityof diagnosis. ReliabilityReliability in diagnosis indicates the likelihood that two clinicians would give the same diagnosis to the same patient by using the same diagnostic process The diagnostic classification systems are notoriously unreliable. Describe symptoms and prevalence of one disorder Analyse etiologies of one disorder. . -validity refers to the accuracy of diagnosis, and more specifically to the ability of a test to measure what it was designed to measure. Discuss two or more ethical considerations in animal research when investigating the brain and behavior. This topic is a natural progression from understanding the concepts of normality and abnormality. Comments about the. The sample response is an example of an exemplary response that should receive top. One problem is that of reliability, or the. . Discussvalidityand reliabilityof diagnosis 5. . The sample response is an example of an exemplary response that should receive top. . The topic is abnormal psychology and the learning otcomes include: Examine the concepts of normality and abnormality. Structured interviews were conducted with informants of persons with DS without dementia, with questionable dementia, and with diagnosed dementia. . This is an example of clinical (and confirmation) bias. Most psychiatrists use a biopsychosocial approach to diagnosis - using criteria from diagnostic systems. Validity is defined as to which extent the diagnosis is accurate and reliability is defined as to what extent several psychiatrists agree on a patients diagnose when using the same diagnostic system. While it is similar to depression, it is a separate diagnosis. These two terms work together very much when diagnosing a patient. Studies used should be directly linked to the terms. Some of the criteria for good measurement systems are (a) the objectivity of the system, (b) the reliability (or stability) of the measuring system, and (c) the validity of the system. Reliability and validity give an index of an instrument’s consistency and authenticity. . Validityandreliabilityofdiagnosis are closely related to having an understanding of what is normal or abnormal behaviour and to the use of the classificatory systems. ) Students should be prepared for this phrasing, but hopefully the IB exam team. a. Question 4. . Key Study: Clinical bias and the effects of labelling on diagnosis (Temerlin, 1968) If a clinician making a diagnosis knows about a diagnosis that someone else has. g. INTRODUCTION Methods of diagnosis include: Biological tests Brain scans - fMRI, MRI, PET, etc. 1 Think of reliability as a measure of precision and validity as a measure of accuracy. Discussvalidityand reliabilityof diagnosis. The difficulty arises over whether classification can indeed be made effectively using classification systems. . . . met_scrip_pic pharmacology for nurses textbook pdf.